Halal Tourism In West Nusa Tenggara: A Legal And Economic Perspective
Keywords:Halal, tourism, legal, economic, Indonesia,
This research aims to find out the implementation forms of halal tourism through establishment of local law as well as to find out it impact toward economic development in Nusa Tenggara Barat. This article examines several questions namely what is the implementation forms of the local laws regarding halal tourism and what are the impact of the local law toward economic development in West Nusa Tenggara. The problem formulations are examined using qualitative research method which applying document studies and in-depth interviews with relevant informant. Research result indicates that the implementation of the Perda is not fully strict due to business consideration and calculation. Halal tourism brought positive economic effect especially in terms of job variety and income improvement. It can be concluded that halal tourism concept in NTB is not fully implement Syariah compliance and there is an increase trend of tourists visit to NTB after halal tourism was introduced.
Vuconic B, (1996), Tourism and religion, Oxford: pergamon
Journals and proceeding
Asmunianto, (2020), Implementasi Pasal 12 Peraturan Daerah NTB No 2 tahun 2016 tentang Pariwisata Halal (studi kasian di Kabupaten Lombok Utara), Thesis, Universitas Muhamadiyah Malang, pg 30.
Battour, Mohamed, & Ismail, Mohd, Nazari, (2014), the role of destination attributes in Islamic tourism. SHS Web of Conferences, 12, 01077. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/shsconf/20141201077 , accessed on March 17, 2019
Battour, Mohamed. & Ismail, Mohd, Nazari (2015), Halal tourism: concept, practices, challenges and future, Tourism management perspective, TMP-00219, (2015), pg 2
Faisal. M, 2017The existence of religion court in economic Sharia dispute settlement in Indonesia, Jurnal IUS, Vol 5, No.3, pg 399
Farahani Z and Anderson H, (2009), Islamic tourism and managing tourism development in Islamic societies: the cases of Iran and Saudi Arabia, International Journal of Tourism Research Volume 12, No.12, pg 1-8 http://www.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jtr.741/full , accessed on March 21, 2019
Irianto, (2011), Dampak Pariwisata terhadap Kehidupan sosial ekonomi masyarakat di Gili Trawangan Kecamatan Pemenang Kabupaten Lombok Utara, Jurnal Bisnis dan Kewirausahaan, Vol 7. No.3, pg 194.
Rinschede G, (1992), Form of religious tourism, annals of tourism research, Vol.19, pg 51
Sabtu N, et.all, (2016), Formulating Shariah compliant ethical code for tourist in Malaysia, proceedings of third international Halal conference
Subarkah, AR, (2018), Potensi dan prospek wisata halal dalam meningkatkan ekonomi daerah (studi kasus: Nusa Tenggara Barat), Jurnal sospol, vol 4, no 2. Pg 59
Sulhaini, et.al, 2015, developing halal tourist destination: investigating Lombokâ€™s potentials from destination marketing perspective, proceeding of the tourism outlook conference
Permadi, Adi, et.all, (2017), persepsi dan sikap masyarakat terhadap dikembangkannya wisata syariah (halal tourism) di provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat, Anwaluna, Vol.2, N0.1, pg 41-41
Widagdyo. K, (2015), Analysis of Indonesiaâ€™s tourism market, The Journal of Tauhidnomics, 73, No.1, pg 70
Law and regulation
Law number 10 of 2009 concerning tourism, state gazette of the Republic of Indonesia number 11 of 2009
Local law (Perda) number 2 of 2016 concerning halal tourism, provincial gazette of West Nusa Tenggara number 125 of 2016
Republic of Indonesia, Regulation of the governor of the province of West Nusa Tenggara number 51 of 2015 concerning halal tourism, provincial gazette number 51 of 2015 of West Nusa Tenggara
Fatwa of Dewan Syariah Nasional-Majelis Ulama Indonesia No:108/DSN-MUI/X/2016 concerning the guidelines of tourism organization based on Syariah principles.
https://ihram.co.id/berita/qgvyeb327/wisata-halal-yang-sudah-ada-di-ntb-akan-tetap-dilanjutkan, accessed on August 21 2020
https://pdki-indonesia.dgip.go.id/index.php/hakcipta/RzBTc25iMUxRUHVjclgrYU5zYkxVZz09?q=open+mic+indonesia&type=1&skip=14730 , accessed on December 21, 2019