Review of International Arrangements Relating to Ownership Status of The Foreign Historical Shipwrecks in Indonesian Water
Keywords:Review, Historic Sinking Vessels, International Conventions.
At the international level there have been international conventions that accommodate the regulation of historic sinking vessels, although only in general, namely the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS 1982), Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage 2001, International 1989 Convention on Salvage, and The United Nations Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property 1970. However, if you see the contents of the regulation from the international provisions, it seems that there is no firmness regarding the legal owner of the historic sinking vessel in Indonesia. This study uses a normative juridical research method by examining library materials or other secondary materials. The data collection method used is the literature study. The tool used is a document in the form of primary, secondary and non-legal materials. The data obtained were analyzed qualitatively then presented descriptively.
Books & Journals
Anthony Reid (ed.). 1993. Southeast Asia in the Early Modern Era: Trade, Power, and Belief. Ithaca-London: Cornell University Press.
Bambang Budi Utomo. 2008. Kapal Karam Abad Ke-10 di Laut Jawa Utara Cirebon. Jakarta: Panitia Nasional Pengangkatan BMKT.
Brian F. Binney. Protecting the Environment with Salvage Law: Risks, Rewards, and the 1989 Salvage Convention. Washington Law Review, Vol. 65, No. 3. 2009.
David J. Bederman. Historic Salvage and the Law of the Sea, University of Miami Inter-American Law Review, 1998.
D. B. Hufford, 1983, Ideological Rigidity vs. Political Reality: A Critique of Reaganâ€™s Policy on the Law of the Sea, Yale Law & Policy Review, Volume 2 Issue 1.
F. Maes dan T. Derudder. 2014. Assessment of international and European Law Related to or Affecting Underwater Cultural Heritage. Belgia: IWT SBO PROJECT 120003.
Lilik Pudjiastuti dan Franky Butar-Butar. Izin Pengangkatan Benda Berharga Atas Muatan Kapal Tenggelam (BMKT) Sebagai Instrumen Konservasi Sumber Daya Laut di Indonesia. Jurnal Yuridika: Volume 25 No 2, May-Auguts 2010.
Louis B. Sohn & John E. Noyes. 2004. Cases and Materials on The Law of the Sea 2nd ed. Leiden, Netherlands: Transnational Publishers Inc.
Turner, Jack. 2011. Sejarah Rempah: Dari Erotisme Sampai Imprealisme. Depok: Komunitas Bambu.
David Curfman, 2008, Thar be Treasure Here: Rights to Ancient Shipwrecks in International Waters - A New Policy Regime, 86 Wash. U. L. Rev., Page 181, published in http://digitalcommons.law.wustl.edu/lawreview/vol86/iss1/4 accessed on September 26, 2018 at 10.45 Yogyakarta Local Time.
Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan Republik Indonesia, FAQ Barang Muatan Kapal Tenggelam (BMKT), published in http://kkp.go.id/artikel/2639-faq-barang-muatan-kapal-tenggelam-bmkt accessed on March 21, 2018 at 15.56 Yogyakarta Local Time.
Kusnul Nur Kasanah, 2018, Menanti Kepastian Arah Pengelolaan BMKT, published in http://setkab.go.id/menanti-kepastian-arahpengelolaan-bmkt/ accessed on September 22, 2018 at 10.30 Yogyakarta Local Time.
Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage 2001.
Cultural Heritage Law Comm., International Law Association, Buenos Aires Draft Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage 1994.
International Convention on Salvage 1989.
The United Nations Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property 1970.
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982 (UNCLOS 1982).
Indonesian Act No. 11 Year 2010 about Cultural Heritage.
Presidential Decree No. 12 Year 2009 about the National Committee for Lifting and Use of Valuable Objects of the Sinking Vessel.