No Viral No Justice: A Criminological Review of Social Media-Based Law Enforcement from the Perspective of Progressive Law

https://doi.org/10.29303/ius.v12i1.1361

Authors

  • Arthur Josias Simon Runturambi Universitas Indonesia
  • Munarni Aswindo Sekolah Kajian Stratejik dan Global, Universitas Indonesia
  • Eliza Meiyani Kementrian Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia

Keywords:

Human Rights, Progressive Law, Social Media, Substantive Justice

Abstract

The phenomenon of "no viral, no justice" emerges due to public distrust of the justice system, prompting people to "play judge" themselves on social media in the name of substantive justice, despite the risks of defamation and violations of the legal process. The purpose of this research is to analyze the “no viral, no justice” phenomenon arising from social media-based law enforcement and evaluate its harmony with the principles of progressive law. This normative legal research uses a conceptual approach, applying primary and secondary legal materials, a literature study for data collection techniques, and content analysis to describe the application of progressive legal concepts in social media-based law enforcement. Qualitative data analysis is carried out systematically to draw conclusions in accordance with the research problem formulation. The results show that the "no viral, no justice" phenomenon arises because law enforcement is influenced by public pressure due to viral cases on social media to be addressed immediately, thus creating the perception that non-viral cases mean no justice. This contradicts the principles of progressive law, which promotes the protection of human rights, substantive justice, and rejects discrimination. Law enforcement is also still not considered harmonious with progressive law because viral cases on social media are prioritized without considering justice holistically, while the principles of equality before the law and the presumption of innocence should still be upheld before public pressure comes into play.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Akbar, Muhammad, Maisa, Mohamad Didi Permana, and Hazmi Rusli. “The Progressive Legal Perspective of Legal Justice in Customary Dispute Resolution Related To Natural Resources.” Jurnal IUS Kajian Hukum Dan Keadilan 11, no. 2 (2023): 225–36. https://doi.org/10.29303/ius.v11i2.1252.

Almrezeq, Nourah, Faiez Alserhani, and Mamoona Humayun. “Exploratory Study to Measure Awareness of Cybercrime in Saudi Arabia.” Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education 12, no. 10 (2021): 2992–99.

Amiruddin, Amiruddin, and Rizki Ramadani. “Judicial Activism in Regional Head Election Dispute: The Practice and Consistency of The Indonesian Constitutional Court.” Substantive Justice International Journal of Law 6, no. 1 (2023): 56. https://doi.org/10.56087/substantivejustice.v6i1.230.

Andriawan, Wawan. “Pancasila Perspective on the Development of Legal Philosophy: Relation of Justice and Progressive Law.” Volksgeist: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Dan Konstitusi 5, no. 1 (2022): 1–11. https://doi.org/10.24090/volksgeist.v5i1.6361.

Ardhanariswari, Riris, Eko Nursetiawan, Syarafina Dyah Amalia, Enny Dwi Cahyani, and Rozlinda Mohamed Fadzil. “Upholding Judicial Independence through the Practice of Judicial Activism in Constitutional Review: A Study by Constitutional Judges.” Volkgeist 6, no. 2 (2023): 183–207. https://doi.org/10.24090/volksgeist.v6i2.9565.

Arif, M. Yasin Al. “Penegakan Hukum Dalam Perspektif Hukum Progresif.” Undang: Jurnal Hukum 2, no. 1 (October 2019): 169–92. https://doi.org/10.22437/ujh.2.1.169-192.

Arwana, Yudha Chandra. “Victims of Cyber Crimes in Indonesia: A Criminology and Victimology Perspective.” Semarang State University Undergraduate Law and Society Review 2, no. 2 (2022): 181–200. https://doi.org/10.15294/lsr.v2i2.53754.

Astomo, Putera. “PERBANDINGAN PEMIKIRAN HANS KELSEN TENTANG HUKUM DENGAN GAGASAN SATJIPTO RAHARdJO TENTANG HUKUM PROGRESIF BERBASIS TEORI HUKUM.” Jurnal Yustisia 90 (2014).

Aston, Philip, and Franz Magnis-Suseno. Hukum Hak Asasi Manusia (HAM). Evolusi Pemikiran Dan Sejarah Perkembangan Hak Asasi Manusia. Yogyakarta: Pusat Studi Hak Asasi Manusia Universitas Islam Indonesia, 2008.

Aulia, Muhammad Zulfa, Bimo Fajar Hantoro, Wawan Sanjaya, and Mahrus Ali. “The Use of Progressive Law Phrase in Constitutional Court Decisions: Context, Meaning, and Implication.” Jurnal Konstitusi 20, no. 3 (2023): 423–50. https://doi.org/10.31078/jk3034.

Broughton, Dwm. “The South African Prosecutor in the Face of Adverse Pre-Trial Publicity.” Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal 23, no. 1 (2020): 1–36. https://doi.org/10.17159/1727-3781/2020/V23I0A7423.

Bunga, Dewi, Luh Gede Yogi Arthani, and Ni Wayan Eka Sumartini. “Penegakan Hukum Penyebaran Hoax Di Ruang Digital.” Belom Bahadat : Jurnal Hukum Agama Hindu 12, no. 1 (2022).

Cahyono, Anang Sugeng. “PENGARUH MEDIA SOSIAL TERHADAP PERUBAHAN SOSIAL MASYARAKAT DI INDONESIA.” Jurnal Publiciana 9, no. 1 (2016). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.36563/publiciana.v9i1.79.

Deffains, Bruno, and Claude Fluet. “Social Norms and Legal Design.” The Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 36, no. 1 (August 2019): 139–69. https://doi.org/10.1093/jleo/ewz016.

Dewi, Erna, Mashuril Anwar, Tri Andrisman, and Budi Rizki Husin. “Reducing the Expenses of Criminal Jurisdictions through Strengthening the Principle of Judgment Based on Local Awareness.” International Journal of Entrepreneurship 25, no. 2 (2021): 1–10.

Dicky Eko Prasetio Adam Ilyas Felix Ferdin Bakker. “Membangun Moralitas Dan Hukum Sebagai Integrative Mechanism Di Masyarakat Dalam Perspektif Hukum Progresif.” Mimbar Keadilan 14, no. 2 (2021): 128–38.

Disantara, Fradhana Putra. “Perspektif Keadilan Bermartabat Dalam Paradoks Etika Dan Hukum.” JURNAL LITIGASI (e-Journal) 22, no. 2 (2021): 205–29. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.23969/litigasi.v22i2.4211.

Dwivedi, Yogesh K., Nir Kshetri, Laurie Hughes, Emma Louise Slade, Anand Jeyaraj, Arpan Kumar Kar, Abdullah M. Baabdullah, et al. “Opinion Paper: ‘So What If ChatGPT Wrote It?’ Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Opportunities, Challenges and Implications of Generative Conversational AI for Research, Practice and Policy.” International Journal of Information Management 71 (August 2023): 102642. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2023.102642.

Elan, Ampuan Situmeang, and Junimart Girsang. “EFEKTIVITAS UNDANG-UNDANG ITE DALAM MENANGANI UJARAN KEBENCIAN MELALUI MEDIA SOSIAL DI KOTA BATAM.” Jurnal Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan Undiksha 10, no. 3 (2022). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.23887/jpku.v10i3.51205.

Endyka, Yovi Cajapa, Muhamad Muhdar, and Abdul Kadir Sabaruddin. “Environmental Justice in Intra Generations: An Overview of Aristotle’s Distributive Justice to Coal Mining.” Indonesian Comparative Law Review 3, no. 1 (2020): 25–34. https://doi.org/10.18196/iclr.v3i1.11234.

Flora, Henny Saida, Mac Thi Hoai Thuong, and Ratna Deliana Erawati. “The Orientation and Implications of New Criminal Code: An Analysis of Lawrence Friedman’S Legal System.” Jurnal IUS Kajian Hukum Dan Keadilan 11, no. 1 (2023): 113–25. https://doi.org/10.29303/ius.v11i1.1169.

Goldrosen, Nicholas. “Null Effects of a Progressive Prosecution Policy on Marijuana Enforcement.” Criminology, Criminal Justice, Law and Society 23, no. 1 (2022): 23–45. https://doi.org/10.54555/ccjls.4234.34103.

Gugule, Hamdi, and Romi Mesra. “Analisis Sosiologis Terhadap Video Viral Tiktok Tentang Penegakan Hukum Di Indonesia.” Ideas: Jurnal Pendidikan, Sosial, Dan Budaya 8, no. 3 (2022): 1071. https://doi.org/10.32884/ideas.v8i3.956.

Haq, Hilman Syahrial, Achmadi, Sinung Mufti Hangabei, and Arief Budiono. “Community Mediation-Based Legal Culture in Resolving Social Conflicts of Communities Affected by the COVID-19 Pandemic in West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia.” Studia Iuridica Lublinensia 31, no. 2 (2022): 11–32. https://doi.org/10.17951/sil.2022.31.2.11-32.

Harahap, Putri Irawana. Konstruksi Isu Profesionalisme Polisi Pada Media Tirto.Id. Jakarta: UIN Syarif Hidayatullah, 2023.

Harun, Muhammad. “Philosophical Study of Hans Kelsen ’ s Thoughts on Law and Satjipto Rahardjo ’ s Ideas on Progressive Law.” Walisongo Law Review (Walrev) 1, no. 2 (2019): 195–220. https://doi.org/10.21580/Walrev/2019.1.2.4815.

Harun, Rina Rohayu, Mualimin Mochammad Sahid, and Bahri Yamin. “Problems of Criminal Applications Law in the Life of Indonesian Communities and Cultures.” Jurnal IUS Kajian Hukum Dan Keadilan 11, no. 1 (2023): 140–55. https://doi.org/10.29303/ius.v11i1.1144.

Herlindah, Yadi Darmawan. “Development Legal Theory and Progressive Legal Theory : A Review , in Indonesia ’ s Contemporary Legal Reform.” Peradaban Journal Law and Society 1, no. 1 (2022): 18.

Heryanto, Gun Gun, Aep Wahyudin, Mohammad Zamroni, Mukti Ali, Harjani Hefni, Manik Sunuantari, Juniawati, et al. Melawan Hoax Di Media Sosiial & Media Massa. Yogyakarta: Trustmedia Publishing, 2017.

Hietanen, Mika, and Johan Eddebo. “Towards a Definition of Hate Speech—With a Focus on Online Contexts.” Journal of Communication Inquiry 47, no. 4 (2023): 440–58. https://doi.org/10.1177/01968599221124309.

Idayanti, Soesi, Toni Haryadi, and Tiyas Vika Widyastuti. “Penegakan Supremasi Hukum Melalui Implementasi Nilai Demokrasi.” Diktum : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum 8, no. 1 (May 2020): 83–93. https://doi.org/10.24905/diktum.v8i1.85.

Imam Asmarudin. “Struggle of Legal Positivism Versus Progressive Thoughts in the Formal Tests of the Job Creation Act (Legal Development through Hermeneutics).” Dinamika Hukum 22, no. 1 (2022): 144–53. https://doi.org/10.20884/1.jdh.2022.22.1.3178.

International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept., International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept., International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department, and International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept. “Sri Lanka: Technical Assistance Report-Governance Diagnostic Assessment.” IMF Staff Country Reports 340 (2023): A001. https://doi.org/10.5089/9798400255977.002.A001.

Johnstone, Gerry. “Restorative Justice and the Culture of Control.” Special Issue: Rethinking the Restorative Dimension of Criminal Justice 61, no. 1 (2022): 25.

Khamzina, Zhanna, Yermek Buribayev, Pernebay Almaganbetov, Amantay Tazhmagambet, Zaure Samaldykova, and Nurlan Apakhayev. “Labor Disputes in Kazakhstan: Results of Legal Regulation and Future Prospects.” Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues 23, no. 1 (2020): 1–14.

Krismiyarsi. “Proven Criminal Action Of Spreading Hoax News Through Social Media Regarding Covid-19.” Untag Law Review 5, no. 2 (2021): 58. https://doi.org/10.5812/iji.102184.2.

Mangku, Dewa Gede Sudika, Ni Putu Rai Yuliartini, Ruslan Ruslan, and Dahlan Surat , Seguito Menteiro. “The Position Of Indegenous People In The Culture And Tourism Developments: Comparing Indonesia And East Timor Tourism Laws And Policies.” Journal of Indonesian Legal Studies 7, no. 1 (2022): 136–61. https://doi.org/10.19105/AL-LHKAM.V17I1.6060.

Monica Octavia, Sanusi, and Alip Rahman. “Restorative Justice in Resolving Embedding At Cirebon City Polres.” JILPR Journal Indonesia Law and Policy Review 3, no. 1 (2021): 35–44. https://doi.org/10.56371/jirpl.v3i1.97.

Muammar, Muammar. “Penanganan Tindak Pidana Viral: Reduksi Terhadap Asas Legalitas Ke Asas Viralitas.” Pattimura Legal Journal 2, no. 1 (2023): 19–29. https://doi.org/10.47268/pela.v2i1.8362.

Mujaddidi, Sipghotulloh. “Konstitusionalitas Pembatasan Hak Asasi Manusia Dalam Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi.” Jurnal Konstitusi 18, no. 3 (February 2022): 539. https://doi.org/10.31078/jk1833.

Neta, Yulia, Budiyono, and Ade Arif Firmansyah. “The Model of Local Regulation of the Human Rights Fulfillment Based on Progressive Law.” JALREV 3, no. Special Issue (2021): 18–34.

Nuna, Muten, Dince Aisa Kodai, and Roy Marthen Moonti. “Code of Ethics and the Role of Advocates in Providing Legal Aid to the Poor.” Indonesian Journal of Advocacy and Legal Services 1, no. 2 (2020): 259–74. https://doi.org/10.15294/ijals.v1i2.35986.

Odie, I Kadek, Kharisma Putra, I Made Adi Darmawan, and I Putu Gede Juliana. “Crime Actions In The Digital World In The Form Of Phising.” CyberSecurity and Digital Forensics 5, no. 2 (2022): 77–82.

Pennycook, Gordon, and David G. Rand. “The Psychology of Fake News.” Trends in Cognitive Sciences 25, no. 5 (2021): 388–402. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2021.02.007.

Pilang, Ahmad Zuhri. PERTANGGUNGJAWABAN HUKUM PEMILIK PRODUK DALAM MENGGUNAKAN JASA ENDORSE YANG DIPASARKAN MELALUI MEDIA SOSIAL. Medan: Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara, 2021.

Putu, Luh, and Yeyen Karista. “Online Fraud Law in Indonesia : Enforcement Challenges and Future Solutions.” In International Conference Towards Humanity Justice for Law Enforcement and Dispute Settlement, 54–64, 2022.

RACHMIE, SYNTHIANA. “PERANAN ILMU DIGITAL FORENSIK TERHADAP PENYIDIKAN KASUS PERETASAN WEBSITE.” Jurnal Liti 21, no. 1 (July 2020): 104–27. https://doi.org/10.23969/litigasi.v21i1.2388.

Rahmana, Radya Dzuhrizha, and Adhitya Widya Kartika. “Penegakan Hukum Bagi Pelaku Pembuatan Dan Penyebaran Scam Page ( Studi Di Kepolisian Daerah Jawa Timur ).” Risalah Hukum 18, no. 2 (2022): 83–98.

Ravena, Dey. “MENCANDRA HUKUM PROGRESIF DAN PERAN PENEGAKAN HUKUM DI INDONESIA.” Syiar Hukum : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum 9, no. 3 (2007). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.29313/sh.v9i3.477.

Razmetaeva, Yulia, Yurii Barabash, and Dmytro Lukianov. “The Concept of Human Rights in the Digital Era: Changes and Consequences for Judicial Practice.” Access to Justice in Eastern Europe 5, no. 3 (2022): 41–56. https://doi.org/10.33327/AJEE-18-5.3-a000327.

Riwanto, Agus. “Construction of Legal Culture Model for Corruption Prevention Through Social Media in Indonesia.” Jurnal Hukum Dan Peradilan 11, no. 3 (2022): 385. https://doi.org/10.25216/jhp.11.3.2022.385-404.

Saefudin, Yusuf. “Living Law in The Perspective of Progressive Law: The Urgency of Its Regulation in The Draft Indonesian Criminal Code.” Jurnal Dinamika Hukum 21, no. 2 (2021): 361. https://doi.org/10.20884/1.jdh.2021.21.2.3526.

Safrizal, Safrizal, Taufeni Taufik, and Yesi Mutia Basri. “Good Governance on Village Fund Management with The Use of Information Technology as A Moderating Variable.” Indonesian Journal of Economics, Social, and Humanities 4, no. 1 (2022): 15–28. https://doi.org/10.31258/ijesh.4.1.15-28.

Saputra, Auditya Firza. “‘ One Nation Under Virtual Police ’: Kontrol Sosial , Aktivisme Viral , Dan Patroli Internet.” Jurnal Jentera 4, no. 1 (2021): 414–39.

Satory, Agus. “Alternative Model of Consumer Dispute Settlement Financial Service Sector in Indonesia.” Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues 25, no. 2 (2022): 1–10. www.consumersinternational.org/our-members.

Setiaji, Mukhamad Luthfan, and Aminullah Ibrahim. “Kajian Hak Asasi Manusia Dalam Negara the Rule of Law : Antara Hukum Progresif Dan Hukum Positif.” Lex Scientia Law Review 2, no. 2 (2018): 123–38. https://doi.org/10.15294/lesrev.v2i2.27580.

Sharma, Rahul. “Legal Challenges and Enforcement Mechanisms in India ’ s Contract Act , 1872 for E-Commerce Transactions.” Eduzone 12, no. 2 (2023): 236–43.

Subarkah. “IMPLEMENTASI HUKUM PROGRESIF DALAM PEMBANGUNAN BERKELANJUTAN EKOLOGIS.” Jurnal Yudisial 8, no. 3 (2015): 289–306. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.29123/jy.v8i3.59.

Sukadi, Imam. “Matinya Hukum Dalam Proses Penegakan Hukum Di Indonesia.” Risalah Hukum Fakultas Hukum Universitas Mulawarman 7, no. 1 (2011).

Sulaeman, Andi Dewi Pratiwi, and Ika Novitasari. “Sosialisasi Tentang Bantuan Hukum Untuk Masyarakat Tidak Mampu Dan Pembentukan Lembaga Bantuan Hukum Desa Riso Kec. Tapango Kabupaten Polewali Mandar.” Beru’-Beru’: Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat 2, no. 1 (2023): 83–89. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31605/jipm.v2i1.2658.

Sulistianingsih, Dewi, Alviona Anggita Rante Lembang, Yuli Prasetyo Adhi, and Muchammad Shidqon Prabowo. “Online Dispute Resolution: Does the System Actually Enhance the Mediation Framework?” Cogent Social Sciences 9, no. 1 (December 2023). https://doi.org/10.1080/23311886.2023.2206348.

Sulistiyono, Adi, and Isharyanto. SISTEM PERADILAN DI INDONESIA DALAM TEORI DAN PRAKTIK. Depok: Kencana Prenadamedia Group, 2018.

Suryaningrum, Faradiba. “Efektivitas Penegakan Hukum Patroli Siber Di Media Sosial.” LoroNG: Media Pengkajian Sosial Budaya 10, no. 2 (2021): 121–32. https://doi.org/10.18860/lorong.v10i2.966.

Taufik, Cevi Mochamad, and Nana Suryana. Media, Kebenaran Dan Post Truth. Bandung: Widina Bhakti Persada Bandung, 2022.

Thompson, Daniel M. “How Partisan Is Local Law Enforcement? Evidence from Sheriff Cooperation with Immigration Authorities.” American Political Science Review 1, no. 2017 (2019): 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003055419000613.

Turatmiyah, Sri, Joni Emirzon, Annalisa Y, and Haniyatul Husna Binti Md Mohtar. “The Ineffectiveness of Mediation in Divorce Disputes: A Case Study in the Palembang Religious Court.” Asy-Syir’ah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari’ah Dan Hukum 55, no. 2 (2022): 351. https://doi.org/10.14421/ajish.v56i2.1232.

Ummanah, Nizirwan Anwar, and Euis Heriyati. “DAMPAK KOMUNIKASI PSIKO-SOSIAL ERA INFORMASI SOSIAL MEDIA PADA GENERASI MILLENIAL.” Komunikologi: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Komunikasi 18, no. 2 (2021). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.47007/jkomu.v18i02.361.

Wahyuni, Sri, Teguh Prasetyo, and Umar Ma’ruf. “Legal Reconstruction of Indigenous Land Registration Regulations Based on Dignified Justice.” Scholars International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice 6, no. 2 (2023): 101–7. https://doi.org/10.36348/sijlcj.2023.v06i02.007.

Widodo, Heru. “The Interpretation of Structured, Systematic, and Massive Violations in the 2019 Presidential Election Dispute at the Indonesian Constitutional Court.” Journal of Politics and Law 14, no. 4 (2021): 47. https://doi.org/10.5539/jpl.v14n4p47.

Published

2024-04-30

How to Cite

Runturambi, A. J. S., Aswindo, M., & Meiyani, E. (2024). No Viral No Justice: A Criminological Review of Social Media-Based Law Enforcement from the Perspective of Progressive Law. Jurnal IUS Kajian Hukum Dan Keadilan, 12(1), 177–195. https://doi.org/10.29303/ius.v12i1.1361