The Interplay of Human Trafficking and the Rohingya Refugee Crisis in Aceh Province, Indonesia: Exploring the Complexities of Criminality and Humanitarian Concerns


  • M. Yakub Aiyub Kadir Universitas Syiah Kuala
  • Rosmawati Faculty of Law, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia.
  • Sophia Listriani Faculty of Law, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia.
  • Syed Muhammad Huzaif Mail Faculty of Law, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia.
  • Syed Muhammad Huzaif Mail


Aceh Province, Humanitarian concerns, Indonesia, Rohingya, Trafficking


This article delves into the long-standing atrocities committed by the Myanmar government
against the Rohingya people in Rakhine province, which has resulted in a significant influx of
Rohingya refugees into various regions, including Aceh province, Indonesia. The article aims to
investigate the nature of this crisis, particularly focusing on the modus operandi of human
trafficking, through a doctrinal-empirical approach. This approach involves observations and
interviews with stakeholders involved in the field. The article also highlights the conflicting
perspectives surrounding the humanitarian and trafficking issues, shedding light on the challenges
faced. Despite the existence of Presidential Decree 125/2016, the management of refugee
handling remains inconsistent, given the uncertain situation and half-hearted treatment.
Consequently, this has led to the expansion of trafficking networks, victimizing both local
individuals assisting refugees at sea and on land. Indonesian authorities have predominantly
addressed trafficking under immigration law rather than from a humanitarian standpoint. This
approach has had adverse effects, resulting in resistance and rejection of Rohingya refugees in
Aceh province. Considering that trafficking has emerged as a downstream impact of the global
refugee crisis, the perception of viewing trafficking Rohingya solely as a crime should be
questioned. Urgently, a new paradigm and legal regime for refugees in Indonesia are required to
address these pressing issues.


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How to Cite

Aiyub Kadir, M. Y., Rosmawati, Listriani, S., Mail, S. M. H., & Huzaif Mail, S. M. (2024). The Interplay of Human Trafficking and the Rohingya Refugee Crisis in Aceh Province, Indonesia: Exploring the Complexities of Criminality and Humanitarian Concerns. Jurnal IUS Kajian Hukum Dan Keadilan, 12(1), 122–145.