Big Data Analytics Algorithms for Dynamic Pricing: The Legal Analysis of the Indonesia Competitions Law readiness in Digital Era



Algorithmic Pricing, Dynamic Pricing, Legal Analysis


This article analyzes the readiness of Indonesian competition law regarding the utilization of big data and reinforcement learning as tools to improve retailers' pricing strategies, ultimately leading to increased profitability and higher customer engagement and loyalty. It conducts a comprehensive review of scholarly literature pertaining to adaptive algorithmic pricing, with a specific focus on analyzing trends and the impacts of algorithmic pricing strategies. The literature review spans the years 2018 to 2022 and adheres to PRISMA criteria, with academic journals from Scopus serving as the primary source of research papers. The findings of this review indicate that it is evident that the most frequently utilized type of algorithm is RL, that shares a resemblance to human learning processes. Competition law enforcement should consider the possibility of illicit agreements between these artificial agents of colluding companies. In light of the capacity of EAs to facilitate the coordination of illicit agreement, it is imperative to consider the reformulation of Article 5 of Law Number 5 of 1999 and Regulation of KPPU Number 4 of 2011, particularly regarding the classification of price-fixing, to be adjusted to the latest developments, particularly regarding "EAs". ITE Law also should not be limited to EAs merely acting as “tools”. Instead, it should acknowledge their capacity to function as “AI Agents” capable of autonomous action.


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Author Biographies

Kukuh Tejomurti, Faculty of Law Universtas Sebelas Maret

Author is the lecturer at Faculty of Law Universitas Sebelas Maret and He has been studying the Doctoral Program at Faculty of Law Universitas Brawijaya

Sukarmi Sukarmi, Faculty of Law Universitas Brawijaya

Author is the expert of the Competition Law

Budi Santoso, Faculty of Law Universitas Brawijaya

Author is the expert of Contract Law

Hanif Nur Widhiyanti, Faculty of Law Universitas Brawijaya

Author is the expert of Contract Law


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How to Cite

Tejomurti, K., Sukarmi, S., Santoso, B., & Widhiyanti, H. N. (2024). Big Data Analytics Algorithms for Dynamic Pricing: The Legal Analysis of the Indonesia Competitions Law readiness in Digital Era. Jurnal IUS Kajian Hukum Dan Keadilan, 12(1), 68–90.